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제목 The Impact of GCP Chip Distribution on Kompsat-3A RPC Bias Compensation
국/내외 국내 작성일 2024-05-10

The Impact of GCP Chip Distribution on Kompsat-3A RPC Bias Compensation 첨부 이미지

The vast potential of high-resolution satellite images, including Kompsat-3A, has been demonstrated across diverse applications, such as mapping and disaster monitoring. However, these images can only be utilized as reliable GIS (geographic information system) data when they possess precise geographical information. To achieve this, sensor model information, represented by RPCs (rational polynomial coefficients), requires bias compensation through GCPs (ground control points). Though having a substantial number of well-distributed GCPs across satellite images is ideal, the acquisition process is often restricted due to cost and inaccessibility. The uniform distribution of GCP chips is not guaranteed, necessitating an investigation into the impact of GCP distribution on the bias compensation process, which is the focus of this study. Experiments were meticulously conducted using Kompsat-3A data using dense GCP information. The dense GCP information was automatically generated from aerial orthoimages through a three-step process. Firstly, the GCP chips were extracted from the aerial images, focusing on feature points. Secondly, these chips were projected onto the target Kompsat-3A data to align them accurately. Lastly, precise satellite image coordinates of the chips were obtained through image matching between the chips and the target Kompsat-3A image. The dense GCPs enabled detailed bias analysis that exhibited skewness in most Kompsat-3A data. This necessitates the implementation of an affine model for proper bias compensation over the entire image space. Next, the study delved into the influence of GCP distribution on RPC bias compensation. To this end, each target satellite image space was divided into nine zones, with the dense GCPs assigned accordingly. The accuracy of bias compensation was analyzed across nine experimental cases, ranging from GCPs occupying only one zone to GCPs covering all nine zones. It was observed that GCPs covering at least four or five zones should be utilized for reliable RPC bias compensation of Kompsat-3A, especially when aiming for a high level of accuracy with an RMSE of one pixel. Finally, it was concluded that GCPs covering three zones yielded satisfactory results as a minimum GCP requirement, but this was contingent upon their distribution not following a straight zone pattern.



Keywords: high-resolution satellite image; RPCs; GCPs; distribution; bias-compensation

출처 MDPI
이전/이후 글
이전글 KOMPSAT-3/3A 영상 기반 하천의 탁도 산출 연구
다음글 다음 글이 없습니다.

네팔:지진(2015-05-05)

영상 정보
카테고리 재난재해
위성정보 KOMPSAT-3
생성일 2015-03-24

세부정보

영상 세부 정보
ProductID K3_20150505073608_15817_06161210
국가(영문) Nepal
국가 네팔
지역 Pokhara
레벨 1R